There is an increase in the number of unauthorized access incidents. The emergence of new technologies and the rise of hacktivist have significantly contributed to the increase in the incidents (Carter, 2017). This has raised awareness among governmental and nongovernmental organizations on the issue of cyber security. Most of them have increased the amount of money that they allocate for data protection. Despite these efforts from both the governments and organizations, the issue of unauthorized access to systems still poses a significant threat to data privacy.